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India Information Guide

  Location, Geography, Area, Government, Climate, Literacy, Population

India Facts

Official Name : Bharat (Hindi), Republic of India (English)
Capital New Delhi
Population 1, 027, 015, 247 (2001 Census)
Area 3.3 million square kilometers
Geographical Location Lies between latitudes 8 4' and 37 6 ' north and longitudes 68 7 ' and 97 25' east
Coastline Length 7600 km
Languages India has two National languages (Central administrative). They are English (associate official) and Hindi (in the Devanagiri script). The Indian Constitution also officially recognizes 22 regional languages.
Major Religions Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Buddhism, Sikhism, Jainism
Literacy 65.38%
President A. P. J. Abdul Kalam
Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh
National Anthem Jan gana mana written by Rabindranath Tagore
National Song Vande Mataram, composed in Sanskrit by Bankimchandra Chatterji
National Emblem Replica of the Lion Capital of Sarnath
National Flag Horizontal tricolor in equal proportion of deep saffron on the top, white in the middle and dark green at the bottom. In the center of the white band is a wheel in navy blue color
National Animal Tiger (Panthera tigris)
National Bird Peacock
National Flower Lotus
National Tree Banyan
National Fruit Mango
National Currency Rupee (One Rupee=100 paise)
National Sport Hockey


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