|Geographically Location of India>
The India is flanked by the borders of Pakistan, Myanmar, China, Bangladesh, Nepal and Bhutan. Sri Lanka is another neighboring country separated from the Asian main land by the Palk Strait in the Indian Ocean. The northern part of the country is walled by the Mighty Himalayas, the highest mountains on earth and the southern part is fringed with the coasts of Arabian sea in the west, Indian Ocean in the south and Bay of Bengal in the east. The conglomeration of islands in the Bay of Bengal in the east, the Andaman and Nicobar and Lakshadweep islands in the Arabian Sea are union territories of India.
Geographically India can be divided into four natural regions :
The Northern Mountain Region :
This is the region with undulating valleys and high mountains. It covers, the northern states of Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, the Tehri region of Uttar Pradesh, Kumaon, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Nagalnd and Mizoram. There are some openings or passes in the northwestern side of the great Himlayan wall - the Khyber, Bolan, Gomal, Kuram and Tochi passes are all now in Pakistan.
The Great Northern Plains :
The valleys of the Indus River and its tributaries, the deserts of Rajasthan and Sind and the fertile valleys of the Ganga, Yamuna and Brahmaputra make up the Gangetic plain. The Indus Valley and the desert of Sind are at present in Pakistan. The richness and fertility of this Plain has lured invaders to this country for centuries. The Northern Plain, known as Aryavarta in ancient times, was the scene of the Ramayana and the Mahabharata, the great Indian epics, the seat of Buddhism and Jainism, seat of great empires like the Mauryas and Guptas and important cities such as Delhi, Mathrua, Patna, Varanasi, Ahmedabad etc.
The Coastal Plains :
The Deccan Plateau is flanked on the west by the Western Ghats and on the east by the Eastern Ghat ranges, both running parallel to the coast. The Western Ghats are very steep and the narrow maritime plain between its ranges and the sea is known as the Konkan in the north and Malabar in the south. This is a rich plain with evergreen vegetation, lovely forests, birds, wild animals and its unique culture has something substantial to offer to the touring connoisseurs.
The Deccan Plateau :
Lying south of the Gangetic Plain, the Deccan Plateau is separated from the Plain by the Vindhya and Saputara mountains, and from the coastal plains by the Western and Eastern Ghats. This triangular table land slopes towards the east and has all its rivers, except Tapti and Narmada, flowing from west to east and draining into the Bay of Bengal. The far south of the Deccan Plateau slopes into the plain lands of Tamil Nadu and Karnataka.